Understanding the Gradle Wrapper

The vast majority of developers using Gradle use the Gradle Wrapper. This is great because using the Gradle Wrapper means that developers working on the project don’t need to manage their own Gradle installations. Being that the wrapper is so ubiquitous it is important to understand exactly what it does and what it does not do.

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Preliminary look at View tooltips

Hidden among the API changes for Android O is a new feature for Views called tooltips. Being curious about what they look like and how they behave, I dug in to find out more.

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Actions with Google slides

Slides from my 2017 DevFest MN Talk on making Actions for the Google Assistant are now up!

Quirk in Requesting Permissions in Groups

Marshmallow brought runtime permissions to the Android world, and by now most apps have started requesting their permissions at runtime instead of install time (you have, right?).

Permissions are grouped into buckets like "location" or "storage" to simplify the explanation of what a permission does for users. Hopefully this is all old news to you.

However there is an interesting situation that merits a little more explanation. Let's say your app currently requests ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION. Your requirements have changed a little bit, and you now need ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION. What happens might not be quite what you expect.

The documentation provides this note:

Note: Your app still needs to explicitly request every permission it needs, even if the user has already granted another permission in the same group.

So we know we need to request the new fine location permission. But what does the user see?

If the user has not accepted ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION

If a user hasn't accepted the coarse location permission (and hasn't said "don't ask again"), your app behaves as you would expect it to on a fresh install. You can request the permission as usual and go on about your day.

If the user has denied ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION

If your user has denied the coarse location permission and selected the "never ask again" option, you will not be allowed to ask for either permission. This is also generally what I would expect- the user clearly doesn't want you using their location, so you don't get the opportunity to ask again.

If the user has accepted ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION

Here's where it gets a little more interesting.

  • If your user goes into the app's settings page to look at the permissions, they will see that the location toggle is already "on.
  • If you check for the fine location permission with checkSelfPermission() you'll still get PERMISSION_DENIED.
  • If you request ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION with requestPermissions(), you will automatically get a callback to onRequestPermissionsResult() with the fine location permission granted. This is transparent to your user- they will not see a dialog.


If your app already requests a permission in a particular permission group, you still need to explicitly request all other permissions in that group that you want to use. However, if your user has already accepted one of the other permissions in that group, they will not see another permission request dialog.

The Many Flavors of Commit()

FragmentTransaction in the support library now provides four different ways to commit a transaction:

  • commit()
  • commitAllowingStateLoss()
  • commitNow()
  • commitNowAllowingStateLoss()

You have probably also encountered one of these alongside a call to executePendingTransactions(). What do each of these do, and which one should you be using? Let’s explore each one in more depth and find out!

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